Know The Difference Between Hypomania and Mania
The symptoms of hypomania and mania are very similar. You may feel more social, excited, confident and creative. However, the two conditions differ in severity and length.
Hypomania is a milder form of mania and lasts a shorter period of time- days, instead of weeks. Mania is a condition that is more severe and lasts longer than hypomania- generally, mania lasts a week or more.
Often, those who experience hypomania enjoy the bursts of energy and creativity. On the other hand, individuals who experience mania may feel quite uncomfortable with their symptoms. A person experiencing hypomania may simply be more friendly and active. The sudden burst of energy often leads them to take on many projects at once, or accept more risks and responsibilities.
Somebody experiencing mania will also feel excited, but it is much more difficult to manage the sudden bursts of energy. Instead of simply feeling more creative, the manic individual has difficulty harnessing their energy. Their words pour out quickly and frequently, thus making it difficult to engage with others and allow them to interject. Accompanying that desire to talk frequently and quickly, they feel overly confident, grandiose- as though others don’t have the capacity to understand their special abilities and talents.
The person experiencing hypomania feels that they can perform tasks more efficiently and better than normal. They feel happy, have boundless energy and creativity, and seem to be able to manage their energy, racing thoughts, and ideas.
When somebody is experiencing mania, however, it is difficult for them to organize and direct their energy.
Key components of mania may include:
- Jumbled, unorganized and racing thoughts.
- Inability to concentrate on tasks and/or easily distracted.
- Lack of insight, which hinders the ability to mania as problematic.
- Delusions and paranoia
- Seeing, hearing, or feeling things others can’t observe (psychosis).
Managing Hypomania and Mania
Boundless energy, feeling more attractive and social- people often enjoy hypomania and mania and seem no harm. Their distorted beliefs about hypomania and mania may lead to an incorrect diagnosis, or they fail to follow-up on their treatment.
The first step should be to get a physical to rule out other potential causes. If you are taking any medications, your doctor needs to assess if these medications are the cause of your symptoms, or if any medications or other health issues are affecting your treatment.
Many patients are advised by their doctors to take antipsychotics or mood stabilizers. If you are taking medications, it is essential that you take the medicine as prescribed and follow-up as needed with your doctor.
In combination with taking medications, or instead of taking medications, many people are advised to participate in therapies that involve talking.
Talk Therapy includes:
- Family-Focused Therapy, which involves working with members of your family to identify certain behaviors and traits that need attention. Problem-solving methods are employed as part of therapy.
- Interpersonal Therapy examines your relations and how to improve and interact more effectively.
- Psychoeducation is a type of intervention that helps people learn to cope, either on their own or as part of a group.
- Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT)- Therapy that focuses on living in the present and becoming more attentive.
- Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)- A type of therapy program that is practical and short-term, that helps people identify and change behaviors associated with hypomania and mania.
How To Help Yourself
Learn to identify triggers:
- Avoid excessive amounts of caffeine and alcohol.
- Avoid skipping meals.
- Not allowing yourself downtime to enjoy rest, pursue recreational activities, or enjoy time with family, friends or solitude.
Make a plan to manage hypomania/mania episodes.
A management plan may address your triggers. An example of a management plan may include:
- Keeping track of your moods. Record the day, time and other factors important to the event.
- Avoiding situations, places, and people that may put you at risk to engage in dangerous behaviors (such as taking drugs, spending too much money, etc.)
- You may opt to avoid places that are over-stimulating, or too chaotic, busy or crowded.
Apply daily routines to help manage episodes of hypomania and mania.
- Get plenty of sleep and try to go to bed at the same time each night.
- Practice proper nutrition and eat regular meals. Avoid skipping meals.
- Keep balanced! Avoid taking on too many responsibilities. Seek relaxing activities to counteract the stimulating/stress-inducing activities. Relaxing activities include meditating, journaling, reading, working on puzzles, etc.
Support System As Part Of Treatment
Many people who suffer from mood disorders lack quality relationships with family or friends. Take steps to correct this if possible! Many family members or friends don’t have specific knowledge about hypomania and mania, and they may reflect this lack of knowledge in the way they deal with their loved ones!
Clearly, but kindly, express your frustrations with them. Educate them on your symptoms so they don’t falsely attribute every “good” day to hypomania/mania. Tell them how much you appreciate their efforts to make sure you are getting enough sleep, nutrition, etc.
Family and friends can play an important role in treatment. They may be able to let you see your blind spots (this theory can be applied to all people- not just individuals with mood disorders).
Conversely, if you lack quality friendships or family relationships, you may prefer to find a group that deals specifically with mood disorders. Such groups can be found locally, but more often, people with mood disorders enjoy connecting with others online- for example, online forums, or online therapy (if covered by insurance).